Widow’s pension is a payment made to a person whose partner has died. It is known buy a number of names such as widow’s, widower’s or surviving civil partner’s pension.
It is a weekly payment that is based on either you or your deceased partner having made enough PRSI payments (social insurance contributions).
Anyone applying for this payment naturally needs to have a deceased partner but also not be living with another partner. If you are cohabiting or have remarried then you will not qualify for the payment.
The payment was designed to support people who would have had a shared income when in a partnership.
It is not designed to match your cost of living while in a partnership but rather be a financial support now that your circumstances have changed as a result of bereavement.
The benefit is payable in certain circumstances even if the bereavement is experienced after the partnership has been dissolved.
For example, if you have divorced your partner but would have been eligible for the payment before your divorce, then you will still be eligible to receive it.
This is also the case with civil partnerships that have been dissolved or couples that are no longer cohabiting.
If you are eligible for it once then the change in your circumstances does not affect your eligibility unless you remarry or start cohabiting with another person.